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package algs11;

import java.util.Arrays;
import stdlib.*;

/**
 * This is a skeleton file for your homework. Edit the sections marked TODO. You
 * may also edit the function "main" to test your code.
 *
 * You must not change the declaration of any method. This will be true of every
 * skeleton file I give you.
 *
 * For example, you will get zero points if you change the line
 * 
 * <pre>
 *     public static double minValue (double[] list) {
 * </pre>
 * 
 * to something like
 * 
 * <pre>
 *     public static void minValue (double[] list) {
 * </pre>
 * 
 * or
 * 
 * <pre>
 *     public static double minValue (double[] list, int i) {
 * </pre>
 * 
 * Each of the functions below is meant to be SELF CONTAINED. This means that
 * you should use no other functions or classes. You should not use any HashSets
 * or ArrayLists, or anything else! In addition, each of your functions should
 * go through the argument array at most once. The only exception to this
 * removeDuplicates, which is allowed to call numUnique and then go through the
 * array once after that.
 */
public class MyFirstHomeworkFor300PartTwo {

  /**
   * allSame returns true if all of the elements in list have the same value.
   * allSame returns false if any two elements in list have different values.
   * The array may be empty and it may contain duplicate values. 
   *
   * Your solution should contain at most one loop.  You may not use recursion.  
   * Your solution must not call any other functions. 
   * Here are some examples (using "==" informally):
   *
   * <pre>
   *     true  == allSame(new double[] { })
   *     true  == allSame(new double[] { 11 })
   *     true  == allSame(new double[] { 11, 11, 11, 11 })
   *     false == allSame(new double[] { 11, 11, 11, 22 })
   *     false == allSame(new double[] { 11, 11, 22, 11 })
   *     true  == allSame(new double[] { 22, 22, 22, 22 })
   * </pre>
   */
  public static boolean allSame (double[] list) {
    return StdRandom.bernoulli(); //TODO: fix this
  }
  
  /**
   * numUnique returns the number of unique values in an array of doubles.
   * The array may be empty and it may contain duplicate values. 
   * Unlike the previous questions, you can assume the array is sorted.
   *
   * Your solution should contain at most one loop.  You may not use recursion.  
   * Your solution must not call any other functions. 
   * Here are some examples (using "==" informally):
   *
   * <pre>
   *     0 == numUnique(new double[] { })
   *     1 == numUnique(new double[] { 11 })
   *     1 == numUnique(new double[] { 11, 11, 11, 11 })
   *     8 == numUnique(new double[] { 11, 11, 11, 11, 22, 33, 44, 44, 44, 44, 44, 55, 55, 66, 77, 88, 88 })
   *     8 == numUnique(new double[] { 11, 22, 33, 44, 44, 44, 44, 44, 55, 55, 66, 77, 88 })
   * </pre>
   */
  public static int numUnique (double[] list) {
    return StdRandom.uniform (100); //TODO: fix this
  }

  /**
   * removeDuplicates returns a new array containing the unique values in the
   * array, in the same order that they were found in the original array.  
   * There should not be any extra space in the array --- there should
   * be exactly one space for each unique element (Hint: numUnique tells you
   * how big the array should be). You may assume that the list is sorted, as
   * you did for numUnique.
   *
   * Your solution should contain at most one loop.  You may not use recursion.  
   * Your solution must not call any other functions, except numUnique.
   * Here are some examples (using "==" informally):
   *
   * <pre>
   *   new double[] { }
   *     == removeDuplicates(new double[] { })
   *   new double[] { 11 }
   *     == removeDuplicates(new double[] { 11 })
   *     == removeDuplicates(new double[] { 11, 11, 11, 11 })
   *   new double[] { 11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88 }
   *     == removeDuplicates(new double[] { 11, 11, 11, 11, 22, 33, 44, 44, 44, 44, 44, 55, 55, 66, 77, 88, 88 })
   *     == removeDuplicates(new double[] { 11, 22, 33, 44, 44, 44, 44, 44, 55, 55, 66, 77, 88 })
   * </pre>
   */
  public static double[] removeDuplicates (double[] list) {
    double[] result = new double[numUnique(list)];
    // TODO: fix this
    return result; 
  }

  /*
   * A main function for debugging -- change the name to "main" to run it (and
   * rename the existing main method to something else). Change the test as
   * appropriate.
   */
  public static void main2 (String[] args) {
    Trace.drawStepsOfMethod ("removeDuplicates");
    Trace.run ();
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41", "11 21 31 41");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21", "11 11 21");
  }

  /**
   * A test program, using private helper functions. See below. To make typing
   * tests a little easier, I've written a function to convert strings to
   * arrays. See below.
   */
  public static void main (String[] args) {
    testAllSame (true, "11 11 11 11");
    testAllSame (true, "5 5 5");
    testAllSame (false, "11 5 11 11");
    testAllSame (false, "11 11 5 11");
    testAllSame (false, "11 11 11 5");
    testAllSame (false, "5 11 11 11");
    testAllSame (false, "11 5 5 11 11");
    testAllSame (false, "11 11 5 5 11");
    testAllSame (false, "11 11 5 11 5");
    testAllSame (false, "5 5 11 11 11");
    testAllSame (false, "11 11 11 5 5");
    testAllSame (true, "11");
    testAllSame (true, "2");
    testAllSame (true, "");

    // for numUnique: array must be sorted
    testNumUnique (1, "11 11 11 11");
    testNumUnique (4, "11 21 31 41");
    testNumUnique (4, "11 11 11 21 31 31 31 31 41");
    testNumUnique (4, "11 21 21 21 31 41 41 41 41");
    testNumUnique (4, "11 11 21 21 21 31 31 41 41 41 41");
    testNumUnique (8, "11 11 11 11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71 81 81");
    testNumUnique (8, "11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71 81");
    testNumUnique (7, "11 11 11 11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71");
    testNumUnique (7, "11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71");
    testNumUnique (8, "-81 -81 -81 -81 -71 -61 -51 -51 -51 -51 -41 -41 -31 -21 -11 -11 -11");
    testNumUnique (3, "-11 -11 -11 0 0 11 11 11");
    testNumUnique (2, "0 11 11 11");
    testNumUnique (2, "-Infinity 11 11 11");
    testNumUnique (2, "11 11 11 Infinity");
    testNumUnique (1, "11 11");
    testNumUnique (1, "11");
    testNumUnique (0, "");

    // for removeDuplicates: array must be sorted
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11", "11 11 11 11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21", "11 11 21");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41", "11 21 31 41");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41", "11 11 11 21 31 31 31 31 41");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41", "11 21 21 21 31 41 41 41 41");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41", "11 11 21 21 21 31 31 41 41 41 41");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81", "11 11 11 11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71 81 81");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81", "11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71 81");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41 51 61 71", "11 11 11 11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11 21 31 41 51 61 71", "11 21 31 41 41 41 41 41 51 51 61 71");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("-81 -71 -61 -51 -41 -31 -21 -11", "-81 -81 -81 -81 -71 -61 -51 -51 -51 -51 -41 -41 -31 -21 -11 -11 -11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("-11 0 11", "-11 -11 -11 0 0 11 11 11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("0 11", "0 11 11 11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("-Infinity 11", "-Infinity 11 11 11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("Infinity 11", "Infinity 11 11 11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("NaN 11", "NaN 11 11 11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11", "11 11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("11", "11");
    testRemoveDuplicates ("", "");
    StdOut.println ("Finished tests");
  }

  private static void testAllSame (boolean expected, String list) {
    double[] aList = doublesFromString (list);
    boolean actual = allSame (aList);
    if (!Arrays.equals (aList, doublesFromString (list))) {
      StdOut.format ("Failed allSame([%s]): Array modified\n", list);
    }
    if (expected != actual) {
      StdOut.format ("Failed allSame([%s]): Expecting (%b) Actual (%b)\n", list, expected, actual);
    }
  }
  private static void testNumUnique (int expected, String list) {
    double[] aList = doublesFromString (list);
    int actual = numUnique (aList);
    if (!Arrays.equals (aList, doublesFromString (list))) {
      StdOut.format ("Failed numUnique([%s]): Array modified\n", list);
    }
    if (expected != actual) {
      StdOut.format ("Failed numUnique([%s]): Expecting (%d) Actual (%d)\n", list, expected, actual);
    }
  }
  private static void testRemoveDuplicates (String expected, String list) {
    double[] aList = doublesFromString (list);
    double[] actual = removeDuplicates (aList);
    if (!Arrays.equals (aList, doublesFromString (list))) {
      StdOut.format ("Failed removeDuplicates([%s]): Array modified\n", list);
    }
    double[] aExpected = doublesFromString (expected);
    // != does not do what we want on arrays
    if (!Arrays.equals (aExpected, actual)) {
      StdOut.format ("Failed removeDuplicates([%s]): Expecting (%s) Actual (%s)\n", list, Arrays.toString (aExpected), Arrays.toString (actual));
    }
  }

  /* A utility function to create an array of doubles from a string. */
  // The string should include a list of numbers, separated by single spaces.
  private static double[] doublesFromString (String s) {
    if ("".equals (s)) return new double[0]; // empty array is a special case
    String[] nums = s.split (" ");
    double[] result = new double[nums.length];
    for (int i = nums.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
      try {
        result[i] = Double.parseDouble (nums[i]);
      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException (String.format ("Bad argument \"%s\": could not parse \"%s\" as a double", s, nums[i]));
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}