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package algs15;
import java.util.Scanner;
import stdlib.*;

public class TestUF {
  public static enum Order { ZERO_I, I_ZERO, I_MINUS, MINUS_I, RANDOM }
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    show(10, "4 3, 3 8, 6 5, 9 4, 2 1, 8 9, 5 0, 7 2, 6 1, 1 0, 6 7"); //textbook tinyUF.txt    
    show(10, "0 1, 0 2, 0 3, 0 4, 0 5, 0 6, 0 7, 0 8, 0 9"); // ZERO_I
    show(10, "1 0, 2 0, 3 0, 4 0, 5 0, 6 0, 7 0, 8 0, 9 0"); // I_ZERO
    show(10, "1 0, 2 1, 3 2, 4 3, 5 4, 6 5, 7 6, 8 7, 9 8"); // I_MINUS
    show(10, "0 1, 1 2, 2 3, 3 4, 4 5, 5 6, 6 7, 7 8, 8 9"); // MINUS_I
    show(16, "0 1, 2 3, 4 5, 6 7, 8 9, 10 11, 12 13, 14 15," + "0 2, 4 6, 8 10, 12 14," + "0 4, 8 12," + "0 8");
    showRandom(12);
    double prevUnion = 0;
    double prevConnected = 0;
    for (int N = 128; N<=MAX; N += N) {
      timeTrial(N, Order.RANDOM);
      StdOut.format("N=%,13d Union=%7.3f [%8.3f] Connected=%7.3f [%8.3f]\n", N, timeUnion, timeUnion/prevUnion, timeConnected, timeConnected/prevConnected);
      prevUnion = timeUnion;
      prevConnected = timeConnected;
    }
  }
  private static int MAX=50_000_000;
  private static UF getUF (int N) {
      MAX=500_000; return new QuickFindUF(N);  //   (262_144,RANDOM) Union ~ 36  Connected ~ .006
      //MAX=500_000; return new QuickUnionUF(N); //   (262_144,RANDOM) Union ~ 17  Connected ~ 18
    //return new WeightedUF(N);                //(33_554_432,RANDOM) Union ~ 10  Connected ~ 10
    //return new CompressionUF(N);             //(33_554_432,RANDOM) Union ~ 16  Connected ~ 7
    //return new XWeightedHalvingUF(N);        //(33_554_432,RANDOM) Union ~  9  Connected ~ 6
    //return new XWeightedCompressionUF(N);    //(33_554_432,RANDOM) Union ~  9  Connected ~ 6
  }
  
  private static double timeUnion;
  private static double timeConnected;
  private static void timeTrial(int N, Order order) {
    UF ufTime = getUF(N);       
    SHOW_COMPRESSION_STEPS = false;
    Stopwatch sw1 = new Stopwatch();
    for (int i=1; i<N; i+= 1) {
      int p = StdRandom.uniform(N);
      int q = StdRandom.uniform(N);
      switch (order) {
      case ZERO_I: ufTime.union (0, i); break; 
      case I_ZERO: ufTime.union (i, 0); break; 
      case I_MINUS: ufTime.union (i, i-1); break;
      case MINUS_I: ufTime.union (i-1, i); break;
      case RANDOM: ufTime.union (p, q); break;
      }
    }
    timeUnion = sw1.elapsedTime();

    Stopwatch sw2 = new Stopwatch();    
    for (int i=1; i<N; i+= 1) {
      int p = StdRandom.uniform(N);
      int q = StdRandom.uniform(N);
      ufTime.connected(p, q);
    } 
    timeConnected = sw2.elapsedTime();
  }
  
  public static boolean SHOW_COMPRESSION_STEPS=false;
  private static void showRandom (int N) {
    SHOW_COMPRESSION_STEPS = true;
    UF uf = getUF(N);
    uf.toGraphviz();
    StdOut.format("       %2d%s\n", uf.count(), uf);
    for (int i=1; i<4*N; i++) {
      int p = StdRandom.uniform(N);
      int q = StdRandom.uniform(N);
      if (uf.connected(p, q)) {
        StdOut.format("%2d %2d: connected\n", p, q); 
      } else {
        uf.union(p, q);
        uf.toGraphviz();
        StdOut.format("%2d %2d: %2d%s\n", p, q, uf.count(), uf);
      }
    }
    StdOut.println();
  }
  private static void show (int N, String input) {
    SHOW_COMPRESSION_STEPS = true;
    Scanner s = new Scanner(input);
    s.useDelimiter("[\\s,]\\s*"); // use comma or space as delimiter

    UF uf = getUF(N);
    uf.toGraphviz();
    StdOut.format("       %2d%s\n", uf.count(), uf);
    while (s.hasNext()) {
      int p = s.nextInt();
      int q = s.nextInt();
      if (uf.connected(p, q)) {
        StdOut.format("%2d %2d: connected\n", p, q); 
      } else {
        uf.union(p, q);
        uf.toGraphviz();
        StdOut.format("%2d %2d: %2d%s\n", p, q, uf.count(), uf);
      }
    }
    StdOut.println();
    s.close();
  }
}